Sterilization procedures are permanent methods of birth control, so it is important to make an informed decision. This FAQ from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists addresses common questions about tubal sterilization and vasectomies, including its effectiveness, whether it can be reversed, and the relative risks of tubal sterilization and vasectomy.
“Sterilization procedures for women are called tubal sterilization or female sterilization. The procedure for men is called vasectomy. Sterilization is considered a safe procedure with few complications.”