Our Bodies, Ourselves: A New Edition for a New Era (2005)
THE PRODUCTION TEAM
Editorial Team: Judy Norsigian, Heather Stephenson, and Kiki Zeldes
Managing Editor: Heather Stephenson
Companion Website Editor: Kiki Zeldes
Photo Editor: Sarai Walker
Tone and Voice Editor: Zobeida Bonilla
Interns: Meghan Killian, Laura Subramanian, Stephanie Feuer-Beck, Katherine L. Burchell, and Jennifer O’Donnell
Volunteers: Esther Dairiam and Jennifer Gariepy Staff and Consultants: Sally Whelan, Amanda Matos, Pam McCarthy, and Marianne McPherson
Authors of the OBOS Update Manual: Sally Whelan and Wendy Sanford, with Marianne McPherson
At Simon & Schuster: Doris Cooper, Sara Schapiro, Caroline Sutton, Christina Duffy, Marcia Burch, Ellen Silberman, Sue Fleming, Debbie Model, Lisa Healy, Mark Gompertz, Chris Lloreda, and Trish Todd
Our Bodies Ourselves board members: Jayne Carvelli-Sheehan, Dharma Cortes, Elizabeth Daake-Kelly, Sally Deane, Vilunya Diskin, Nancy Forsyth, Ileana Jimenez Garcia, Teresa Harrison, Mary (Bebe) Poor, Penelope Riseborough, Patricia Roche, Bonnie Shepard, Fiona Smith, Donna Soodalter-Toman, Amanda Buck Varella, and Rachel A. Wilson Founders of the Boston Women’s Health Book Collective: Ruth Bell-Alexander, Pamela Berger, Vilunya Diskin, Joan Ditzion, Paula Doress-Worters, Nancy Miriam Hawley, Elizabeth MacMahon-Herrera, Pamela Morgan, Judy Norsigian, Jane Pincus, Esther Rome (1945 -1995), Wendy C. Sanford, Norma Swenson, and Sally Whelan
TABLE OF CONTENTS & CONTRIBUTORS
A Letter from Founders of the Boston Women’s Health Book Collective
TAKING CARE OF OURSELVES
1. Body Image
By Sarai Walker, with Lori Tharps (African-American women’s hair). Edited by Alison Amoroso and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Elizabeth Bastos, Ann Sexton Foye, Dinah Herlands, Jin In, Lisa Jervis, Eugenia SunHee Kim, Liz Massie, Emily Pilowa, Catherine Steiner-Adair, and Rose Weitz. Contributors to earlier editions: Demetria Iazzetto, Linda King, Jennifer Yanco, Allison Abner, Deborah Levine, Marsha Sexton, Judith Stein, Becky Thompson, Linda Villarosa, Kiki Zeldes, Wendy Sanford, the women of Boston Self-Help, Frances Deloatch, Mary Fitzgerald, Jean Gillespie, Nancy Miriam Hawley, Janna Zwerner, Joan Lastovica, Oce, Rosemarie Ouilette, Jane Pincus, Esther Rome, Marsha Saxton, Judith Stein, and Jill Wolhandler.
2. Eating Well
By Emily Bender, with Kami-Leigh Agard (eating disorders) and Sarai Walker (dieting). Edited by Cara Feinberg and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Mary Barger, Hannah Doress, Lori Lipinski, Julie Matthews, Zoe Nierenberg, Susie Reel, Michael Reel, Gigi Shames, Jan Smith, Catherine Steiner-Adair, Becky Thompson, Walter Willett, and Allen Worters. Contributors to earlier editions: Maria Bettencourt, Christina Economos, Trisha Brown, Patricia Cooper, Marilyn Figueroa, Bonnie Gage, Deb Levine, Bonnie Liebman, Ruth Palombo, Caterina Rocha, Judith Stein, Margo N. Woods, Esther Rome, Judy Norsigian, Marsha Butman, Tricia Copeland, Demetria Iazzetto, Vivian Mayer, and Christine Rugen.
3. Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Mood-Altering Drugs
By Nancy Poole (alcohol and other drugs), Deborah McLellan (tobacco), and Victoria Almquist (tobacco). Edited by Nancy Adess and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Ruth Bell Alexander, Paula Caplan, Marcia Gordon, Elizabeth Hakas, Abigail Halperin, Cheryl Healton, Carolyn Howard, Corinne Husten, Melissa Ostrow, Jodi Sperber, and Alan Trachtenberg. Contributors to earlier editions: Norma Finkelstein, Cheryl Kennedy, Janet Smeltz, Caryn Kauffman, Denise Bergman, Archie Brodsky, Suzy Bird Gulliver, Deborah McLellan, Wendy Sanford, Amy Rubin, Jennifer Yanco, Marian Sandmaier, Martha Wood, Nancy Miriam Hawley, Judy Norsigian, and Yvonne Rushin.
4. Our Bodies in Motion
By Suzanne Bremer. Edited by Angelina Malhotra-Singh and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Kami-Leigh Agard, Diane Dahm, Jennifer Hastings, Moira Heiges, Leslie Heywood, Amelia Glynn Hornick, Roberta Lenard, Miranda Lutyens, Erin O’Donnell, Rajinder Kaur Singh, Maria Skinner, and Sarai Walker. Contributors to earlier editions: Janet Jones, Maureen Ferrera and Cindy Higgins of Boston Self-Help, Lynn Jaffee of Melpomene Institute, Karen Kahn, Jennifer Yanco, Wendy Zinn, Pat Lyga, Carol McEldowney, Mary Lee Slettehaugh, and Judith Stein.
5. Complementary Health Practices
By Adriane Fugh-Berman. Edited by Jennie Goode and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Amy Bollinger, Ted Chapman, Savitri Clarke, Leilani Doty, Ellen Fineberg, Maureen Flannery, Wendy Garling, Lisa Handwerker, Ellen Silver Highfield, Bonnie S. Hillsberg, Amelia Glynn Hornick, Ellen Langer, Miranda Lutyens, Richard Moskowitz, Rita Raj, Susan Sered, Laura Subramanian, Carmen Tamayo, Ariana Vora, and Youko Yeracarif. Contributors to earlier editions: April Taylor, Claire M. Cassidy, Ellen Fineberg, Pamela Berger, Nancy Miriam Hawley, Adriane Fugh-Berman, Savitri Clarke, Rose Dubosz, Mary Fillmore, Jon Kabat-Zinn, Pamela Pacelli, Jane Pincus, Billie Pivnik, Lori Ponge, Susan Reverby, and Linnie Smith.
6. Emotional Well-Being
By Paula J. Caplan, with Amy Agigian and Judi Chamberlin. Edited by the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Amy Banks, Bette Begleiter, Courtney Bell, Jan Brin, Nikki Gerard, Jill M. Goldstein, David Healy, Elizabeth MacMahon-Herrera, Carolyn Howard, Ellen Langer, Hala Najjar, Eli Newberger, Malkah Tolpin Notman, Deborah Raptopoulos, Rachel Josefowitz Siegal, Nada Stotland, Anita Taylor, Sara Walz, and Sally Whelan. Contributors to earlier editions: Nancy Miriam Hawley, Cassandra Clay, Nancy and Lani Keyes, Jeffrey McIntyre, Susan Yanow, Judith Herman, Rachel Lanzerotti, Judy Norsigian, Catherine Riessman, Wendy Sanford, and Norma Swenson.
7: Environmental and Occupational Health By Lin Nelson (environmental health) and Barbara Sattler (occupational health). Edited by Jacqueline Lapidus and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Cathy Amoroso, Elizabeth Blackburn, Julia Brody, Richard Clapp, Nancy Evans, Gen Howe, Lina Lander, Dina Nasser, Melissa Perry, Laura Punnett, Judith Schreiber, Sandra Steingraber, Joel Tickner, Donna Vivio, and Heidi Worley. Contributors to earlier editions: Patricia Logan, Regina H. Kenen, MassCOSH Women’s Committee: Letitia Davis, Marian Marbury, Laura Punnett, Margaret Quinn, Cathy Schwartz, and Susan Woskie, Carol Dansereau, Maureen Gorman, Norma Grier, Elizabeth Gullette, Pat Hynes, Kristin Lacijan of NCAMP; Jacqueline Lapidus, Cheri Lucas-Jennings, Karen McDonell, Manju Mehta, Vernice Miller, Cydney Pullman, Dorothy Wigmore, Susan O’Brien, Ngazi Oleru, Judy Norsigian, the Shalan Foundation, Joan Bertin, Katsi Cook, and Maureen Paul.
8. Violence and Abuse
By Margaret Lazarus, with Renner Wunderlich, Diane Rosenfeld, and Stacey Kabat. Edited by Laurie Rosenblum and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Lunden Abelson, Alison Byers, Lucy Candib, Judith L. Herman, Trina Jackson, Jackson Katz, Leslye Orloff, Pat Paluzzi, Emily Pitt, Penny Saunders, Shauna Shames, and Jessica Xavier. Contributors to earlier editions: Marianne Winters, Dina Carbonell, Lois Glass, Suzanne Gosselin, Carol Mamber, Jill Stanzler, Alice Friedman, Margaret Lazarus, Lynn Rubinett, Lena Sorensen, Denise Wells, Nancy Wilbur, Terrie Antico, Wendy Sanford, Jackie Herskovitz, Judith Lennett, Laura Tandara, Gene Bishop, Andrea Fischgrund, Roxanne Hynek, Janet Jones, Freada Klein, Rachel Lanzerotti, Carol McEldowney, and Judy Norsigian.
RELATIONSHIPS AND SEXUALITY
9. Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation By Elizabeth Sarah Lindsey. Edited by Jennie Goode and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Shannon Berning, Suzanne Bremer, Diane Ellaborn, Loraine Hutchins, Karen Kubby, Taryn Levitt, Gordene MacKenzie, Suneel(a) Mubayi, Nancy Nangeroni, Ashli Owen-Smith, Wendy Sanford, Stephanie Simard, and Gunner Scott. Contributors to earlier editions: Wendy Sanford, Loraine Hutchins, and Rebecca Rabinowitz.
10. Relationships with Men By Kristin Bloomer with Jill Maio (resources). Edited by Rachel Fudge and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: JoAnne Fischer, Leah Freij, Gardner Harris, Jennifer Hirsch, Loraine Hutchins, Zoe Nierenberg, Melissa Ostrow, Juli Parker, Emily Pilowa, Lynn Rosenbaum, and Heather Stephenson. Contributors to earlier editions: Sara Burke, Denise Bergman, Paula B. Doress-Worters, Peggy Nelson Wegman, Maria Baez, Donna Bright, Mayra Canetti, Leah Dishkin, Cheryl Majeed, Charlotte Mayerson, Catherine Kohler Riessman, Rose Wright, Nancy Miriam Hawley, Elizabeth Matz, Catherine Cobb Morocco, and Sandy Rosenthal.
11. Relationships with Women
By Shannon Berning. Edited by Angela Watrous and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Diane Anderson-Minshall, Suzanne Bremer, Celina De Leon, Nancy Forsyth, Jennifer Hartung, Loraine Hutchins, Meghan Kilian, Elizabeth Sarah Lindsey, Juli Parker, Wendy Sanford, Judith Sansone, and Heather Stephenson. Contributors to earlier editions: Emily Bender, Anoosh Jorjorian, Peggy Lynch, Amelia Craig Cramer, Barbara A. Burg, Loly Carillo, Sasha Curran, J. W. Duncan, Buffy Dunker, Deanna Forist, D. Hamer, B. J. Louison, Judy Norris, Gwendolyn Parker, Mariana Romo-Carmona, Wendy Sanford, Lynn Scott, Ann Shepardson, Judy Brewer, Gilda Bruckman, Loly Carillo, Hannah Doress, Karen Kahn, Connie Panzarino, Lisa Rankow, Amy Alpern, Mary Bowe, Brenda Reeb, Holly Ellison, the Lesbian Mothers group at the Cambridge Women’s Center, Jill Wolhandler, a Boston Gay Collective (who wrote the original chapter, titled “In Amerika They Call Us Dykes”), and others who remain anonymous.
By Lynn Rosenbaum, with Janna Zwerner (sexuality and disability). Edited by Wendy Sanford and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Peg Anderson, Ani Colt, Anne Finger, Debra Haffner, Becca Heller-Steinberg and the staff at Grand Opening!, Jennifer Hirsch, Ana Jimenez-Bautista, Kristi Kirschner, Wanda Larrabee, Judith Levine, Elizabeth Sarah Lindsey, Linda Long, Gina Ogden, Judy Panko-Reis, Cindy Purcell, Monica Rodriguez, Marsha Saxton, Rose Weitz, Cindy Wentz, and Sheri Winston. Contributors to earlier editions: Wendy Sanford, Nancy Miriam Hawley, Elizabeth McGee, Gina Ogden, Linda King, Judy Brewer, Denise Bergman, Eithne Johnson, Curdina Hill, Amy Alpern, Diana Chase, Francis Deloatch, Paula Doress-Worters, Bonnie Engelhardt, Mary Fitzgerald, Jean Gillespie, Ginger Goldner, Shere Hite, Janice Irvine, Nancy London, Jenny Mansbridge, Oce, Rosemarie Ouilette, Jane Pincus, Brenda Reeb, Marsha Saxton, and Jean Lastovica.
13. Sexual Anatomy, Reproduction, and the Menstrual Cycle
By Marianne McPherson, with Toni Weschler (fertility awareness method), Monica Casper, Cheryl Chase, Alice Dreger, and Esther M. Leidolf (intersex) and Chris Bobel (menstrual activism). Edited by Marianne McPherson, Lauren Korfine, and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Amy Allina, Chris Bobel, Lisa Handwerker, Geneva Kachman, Claudia Morrissey, Kathleen O’Grady, Nancy Reame, Ilene Richman, Katie Singer, Laura Subramanian, Sheri Winston, Summer Wood, and Nancy Woods. Contributors to earlier editions: Esther Rome, Nancy Reame, Wendy Sanford, Abby Schwartz, Katherine Saldutti, Cindy Irvine, Nancy Woods, Leah Diskin, Nancy Miriam Hawley, Barbara Perkins, and Roni Randall.
14. Safer Sex
By Laura Subramanian, Christie Burke, and Amelia Glynn Hornick. Edited by Jennifer Block, Jacqueline Lapidus, and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Court Cline and all the people who worked on Chapter 15, “Sexually Transmitted Infections” and Chapter 16, “HIV and AIDS” (see below). Contributors to earlier editions: listed under “Sexually Transmitted Infections” and “HIV and AIDS” chapters (see below).
15. Sexually Transmitted Infections
By Christie Burke. Edited by Jacqueline Lapidus and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Jennifer Baumgardner, Shannon Berning, August Burns, Ann Duerr, Amelia Glynn Hornick, Ana Jimenez-Bautista, Ashli Owen-Smith, Sylvie Ratelle, Marianne Scharbo-Dehaan, Jill E. Tabbutt-Henry, and Sheri Winston. Contributors to earlier editions: Christie Burke, Sylvie Ratelle, Mary Crowe, Judy Norsigian, Katherine M. Stone of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Catherine Liu of the American Social Health Association, Esther Rome, Fran Ansley, Hilde Armour, William McCormick, Michelle Topal, Pam White, and Paul Wiesner.
16. HIV and AIDS
By Deborah Anderson, Amelia Glynn Hornick, and Laura Subramanian. Edited by Jennifer Block and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Terry Allen, Marge Cohen, Marlene Diaz, Ann C. Duerr, Anne Eckman, Jerry Feuer, Jill Gay, Ana Jimenez-Bautista, Sue Rochman, Jihad Slim, Mitchell Warren, and Leslie Wolfe. Contributors to earlier editions: Michele Russell, Wendy Sanford, Maria Jobin-Leeds, Mary Ide, Wanda Allen, the Women of Color AIDS Council (especially Karen McManus, Malkia Kendricks, and Charlotte, Colleen, Jackie, Shirley, and Yohani), Patricia O. Loftman, Peggy Lynch, Lucia Ortiz-Ortiz, Belynda Dunn, Anna Forbes, Sophie Godley, Mary Guinan, Laura Whitehorn, Amy Alpern, Marion Banzhaf, Laurie Cotter of ACT UP New York, Deborah Cotton, Risa Denenberg, Liz Galst, Jenny Keller, Vicky Legion, the Chicago Women and AIDS Project, Patricia O. Loftman, Janet L. Mitchell, Jamie Penney, Lindsey Rosen, and Susan Rosenberg.
17. Considering Parenting
By Merle Bombardieri, Meredith W. Michaels, Rachel Gaillard Smook, and Merryl Pisha (resources). Edited by Nancy Adess and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Terry Allen, Adrienne Asch, Denise Bergman, Hope Bryer, Liz Coolidge, Natalie Dunlop, Rachel Gingold, Lynn Gordon, Lisa Handwerker, Susan Izumo, Monica Lange, June Lapidus, Linda Layne, Carolyn Libelo, Nancy Matthews, Amy Martyn, Jennifer O’Donnell, Cindy Purcell, Susan J. Roll, Katie Singer, Teresa Rust Smith, Kim Smith-Potts, Amy Waldman, and Toni Weschler. Contributors to earlier editions: Joan Ditzion, Mary Howell Raugust, Denise Bergman, Norma Swenson, Joan Rachlin, Joyce Maguire Pavao, and Corinne Rayburn of the Center for Family Connection.
18. Birth Control
By August Burns, Michelle Martelle, Maura Graff, Melanie Steeves, Emma Ottolenghi, Elaine Lissner (male sterilization), Kirsten Thompson (experimental male contraceptives), David Sokal (Essure), and Toni Weschler (Fertility Awareness Method). Edited by Penelope Riseborough and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Amy Allina, Susan Bell, Kathryn Clancy, Sunny Daly, Teresa Harrison, John Snow, Inc., Elaine Lissner, Christine Mauck, Kavita Nanda, Ilene Richman, Misty Romero, Barbara Seaman, Jill Schwartz, Katie Singer, Felicia H. Stewart, Mitchell Warren, and Carolyn Westhoff. Contributors to earlier editions: Susan Bell, Lauren Wise, Suzannah Cooper-Doyle, Judy Norsigian, Felice Apter, Charon Asetoyer, Sara Dickey, Anne Kelsey, Sophie Martin, Ava Moskin, Cindy Pearson, Linda Potter, Judith Richter, James Trussell, Kevin Whaley, Susan Wood, Ruth Bell, Pamela Berger, Jennifer S. Edwards, Charlotte Ellertson, Philip Hart, Nancy Miriam Hawley, Rachel Lanzerotti, Ken Legins, Pamela Morgan, Barbara Perkins, Susan Reverby, Wendy Sanford, Abby Schwarz, Felicia Stewart, Alice Steinhardt, James Trussell, and Beverly Winikoff.
19. Unexpected Pregnancy By Judith Winkler and Alison Amoroso. Edited by Alison Amoroso and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Adrienne Asch, Euna August, Dorothy Berting, Miranda Lutyens, Carla Ortique, Monica Romanko, Laureen Tews, and Francine Thompson. Contributors to earlier editions: Catherine Harris-Vincent, Jennifer Yanco, Linda King, Jane Pincus, Jill Wolhandler, Denise Bergman, Paula Harris-Vincent, Joyce Maguire Pavao, Carolyn Rudin, Kay Schlozman, and Dianne Weiss.
By Marlene Gerber Fried, Maureen Paul, and Laureen Tews. Edited by Jennifer Block and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Nina Carroll, Wendy Chavkin, Kathleen Dean, Diana Dukhanova, Annelise Galdes, Carol Joffe, Martha Katz, Lydie Ky, Linda Layne, Laury Oaks, Darrah Sipe, A’yen Tran, and Judith Winkler. Contributors to earlier editions: Jill Wolhandler, Trude Bennett, Ruth Weber, Dana Gallagher, Centre de Sante des Femmes de Montreal, Carol Franzblau, Suzanne Hendrick, Luita Spangler, Laurie Williams, Vickie Alexander, Diane Balser, Pamela Berger, Sarah Buttenweiser, Helen Caulton, Concord Feminist Health Center, Terry Courtney, Debra Drassner, Carol Driscoll, Margie Fine, Marlene Gerber Fried, Linda Gordon, Nancy Miriam Hawley, Liz Hill, Debra Krassner, Elizabeth McGee, Judy Norsigian, Ana Ortiz, Jane Pincus, Stephanie Poggi, Loretta Ross, Wendy Sanford, Kira Sarpard, Meredith Tax, and Susan Yanow.
By Tekoa King, with Maria Iorillo, Judith Bishop, Lisa Paine, and Carol Sakala. Edited by Leslie Miller and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Adrienne Asch, Nancy Bardacke, Denise Bergman, Eugene Declercq, Esther Entin, Joanna Gaunt, Timothy Johnson, Kathryn Kravetz, Linda Layne, Judy Luce, Julie Mottl-Santiago, Lynn Paltrow, Jane Pincus, Cindy Purcell, Marcie Richardson, Marsha Saxton, and Deanne Williams. Contributors to earlier editions: Jane Pincus, Judy Luce, Audrey Levine, Robin J. Blatt, Linda Holmes, Marsha Saxton, Carol Sakala, Denise Bergman, Esther Entin, Ruth Bell, Robin Blatt, Jenny Fleming, Linda Holmes, Judy Luce, Mary (Bebe) Poor, Judi Rogers, Becky Sarah, and Norma Swenson.
By Tekoa King, Maria Iorillo, Judy Luce, and Jane Pincus, with Judith Bishop and Carol Sakala. Edited by Leslie Miller and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Nancy Bardacke, Mary Barger, Victoria Budson, Eugene Declercq, Jeffrey Ecker, Abby Kinne, Linda Layne, Ellice Lieberman, Lisa Paine, Marcie Richardson, Rachel Gaillard Smook, and Deanne Williams. Contributors to earlier editions: Judy Luce, Jane Pincus, Audrey Levine, Norma Swenson, Carol Sakala, Ruth Bell, Jenny Fleming, Nancy Miriam Hawley, Linda Holmes, Becky Sarah, and Gail Sullivan.
23. The First Year of Parenting
By Deborah Issokson and Alice LoCicero, with Anne Merewood (breast-feeding), Barbara L. Philipp (breast-feeding), and Tekoa King (formula). Edited by Wendy Garling and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Cathy Amoroso, Mary Barger, Kathryn Clancy, Maureen Corry, Kathleen Kendall-Tackett, Polly Kornblith, Linda Layne, Karen Ledbetter, Harriet McCarthy, Elizabeth Noble, Shelley Page, Carol Sakala, Katie Singer, Jan Smith, Sandra Steingraber, Mary Rose Tully, Amanda Varella, Jan Weingrad-Smith, and Deane Williams. Contributors to earlier editions: Alice LoCicero, Deborah Issokson, Dennie Wolf, Mary Crowe, Laurie Williams, Helen Armstrong, Jane Honikman, Gail Levy, Veronica Miletsky, Carol Sakala, Dianne Weiss, Paula Doress-Worters, Esther Rome, Vilunya Diskin, Marty Reudi, and Robbie Pfeufer Kahn.
24. Childbearing Loss
By Linda L. Layne. Edited by Wendy Garling and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Adrienne Asch, Mary Atkinson, Susan Bell, Deb Blizzard, Diane Clapp, Catherine Clute, Tamar Gordan, Lisa Handwerker, Mary Hinton, Tekoa King, Harvey Kliman, Carolyn Libelo, Stella Ng, Catherine Romeo, Renee Samelson, Katie Singer, Kim Smith-Potts, Dorothy Tischler, and Susan Wood. Contributors to earlier editions: Catherine Romeo, Jane Pincus, and Ellen Glazer.
25. Infertility and Assisted Reproduction
By Nancy King Reame, with Rachel Gaillard Smook (donor insemination). Edited by Abby Lippman and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Adrienne Asch, Diane Allen, Lori Andrews, Jean Benward, Diane Clapp, Catherine Clute, Marcy Darnovsky, Lynn Gordon, Katie Grames, Lisa Handwerker, Francie Hornstein, Harvey Kliman, Linda Layne, Lynne Millican, Marsha Saxton, Katie Singer, Jeanie Ungerleider, Rose Weitz, and Sally Whelan. Contributors to earlier editions: Diane Clapp, Ruth Hubbard, Ami Jaeger, Wendy Sanford, Gena Corea, Ellen Glazer, Barbara Eck Menning, Marcie Richardson, Ester Shapiro, Lori Andrews, Geri Ferber, Nancy Reame, Barbara Katz Rothman, and Resolve, Inc.
26. Midlife and Menopause
By Joan Ditzion, with Nancy Fleming (menopause), Amy Allina (hormone therapy), Diana Siegal (urinary incontinence), and Lisa Begg and Loretta Finnegan (eating well). Edited by Jacqueline Lapidus and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Peggy Brick, Kate Clancy, Leilani Doty, Elaine Lissner, Margaret Morganroth Gullette, Kathleen O’Grady, Ruth Palombo, Betsy Peterson, Jane Pincus, Elizabeth Plourde, Nancy Reame, Marcie Richardson, and Abby Schwarz. Contributors to earlier editions: Paula Doress-Worters (formerly Paula Brown Doress), Joan Ditzion, Norma Meras Swenson, Diana Laskin Siegal, Robin Cohen, Mickey Troub Friedman, Lois Harris, Kathleen MacPherson, Denise Bergman, Janine O’Leary Cobb, Linda King, Susan M. Love, Cindy Pearson of the National Women’s Health Network, Jane Pincus, Lynn Rosenberg, Wendy Sanford, Stephanie Studentski, Mary Yeaton, Louise Corbett, Tish Anisimov, Lorraine Doherty, Ruth Hubbard, Audrey Michaud, Pamela Berger, Irene Davidson, Meg Hickey, Judy Norsigian, Josephine Polk-Matthews, Ruth Hubbard, Edith Fletcher, Barbara Krentzman, Lucile Longview Schuck, Anna Schenke, Anne Smith, and Marian Saunders.
27. Our Later Years
By Joan Ditzion, with Diana Siegal (osteoporosis and memory loss) and Leilani Doty (memory loss). Edited by Jacqueline Lapidus and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Judy Simmons; see also acknowledgments under Chapter 26, “Midlife and Menopause.”
MEDICAL PROBLEMS AND PROCEDURES
28. Unique to Women
By Julia Brody (breast cancer), Barbara Brenner (breast cancer testing), and Susan Troyan (breast cancer); Mary Lou Ballweg (endometriosis); Monica Casper, Adele E. Clarke, Martha Ellen Katz, Mitchell Levine, and Marcie Richardson (cervix, uterus, and ovaries); Kristina Graff (obstetric fistula); RAINBO (FGC); Monica Casper and Adele E. Clarke (cervix); and Marianne McPherson (vulvitis/vulvodynia). Edited by Jacqueline Lapidus and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Terry Allen, Robin Barnett, Marlies Bosch, Lucy Candib, Karen Carlson, Mary Costanza, Paula Johnson, Paula Kamen, Anne Kasper, Martha Katz, Mitchell Levine, Susan Love, Maryann Napoli, JoDean Nicolette, and Nawal Nour. Contributors to earlier editions: Judy Norsigian, Susan Troyan, Cathie Ragovin, Judi Hirshfield-Bartek, Adele Clarke, Monica Casper, Carmen Tamayo, Anne Kahn, Mimi Secor, Selma Mirsky, Lisa Whiteside, Kath Doyle, Nahid Toubia, RAINBO, Carol Englender, Mitchell Levine, Mary Lou Ballweg, Endometriosis Association, Mary Crowe, Margaret Lee Braun, Pat Cody, DES Action, Dorothy Reider, Esther Rome, Debi Milligan, Kristina Graff, and Women’s Dignity Project.
29. Special Concerns for Women
By Kim O’Connor, with Emily Wong (autoimmune disorders); Lori Clovis, Pat Fero, Jean Harrison, Mary Schweitzer, Malcolm Hooper, and Meghan Shannon (CFIDS/ME); Mickey Spencer, with Marilyn Hoffman and Claudia S. Miller (multiple chemical sensitivity); Abby Schwarz (cardiovascular diseases); Jacqueline Lapidus (chronic pain); Ernestine Hambrick (colon and rectal cancer); Genevieve Pagalilauan, Emily Wong, and Lucy Candib (diabetes); Vicki Ratner (interstitial cystitis); Susan Boughn (trichotillomania); Martha Katz (urinary tract infections); and Judith Baker (von Willebrand disease). Edited by Jacqueline Lapidus and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Paula Devitt, Ellen Fineberg, Paula Johnson, JoDean Nicolette, Jennifer Potter, and Karen Wolf. Contributors to earlier editions: Judy Norsigian, Carol Englender, Wendy Sanford, Laurel Berger, Rebecca Rabinowitz, Pamela Berger, Beverly Richstone, Barbara White, Barbara Henry, Barbara Horgan, Kathleen Quinlan, Mary Crowe, Judy Spear, Joanne Palmisano, Ruth Thomasian, Sheryle Ruzek, Paula Johnson, JoAnne Manson, and Vicki Ratner.
KNOWLEDGE IS POWER
30. Navigating the Health Care System
By Judy Ann Bigby, Susan Sered, George Annas (patients’ rights), Shannon Berning (LBT issues), Laurie Rosenblum (disability), and Kiki Zeldes (evaluating health information). Edited by Laurie Rosenblum and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Robyn Duran, Anne Kasper, Valerie Leiter, Melissa Ostrow, Lynn Paltrow, Jane Pincus, Ellen Shaffer, J. Jina Shah, Eliza Shulman, Nancy Stoller, and Karen Wolf. Contributors to earlier editions: Norma Meras Swenson, Wendy Sanford, Judy Norsigian, and George Annas.
31. The Politics of Women’s Health
By Ellen Shaffer (U.S. politics) and Gail Price-Wise (international politics), with Marcy Darnovsky (genetic technologies), Elizabeth J. Rourke, Sondra Crosby, and Michael Grodin (refugee women), Sharon Batt (direct-to-consumer advertising), and Cindy Young (Medicare). Edited by Christine Cupaiuolo and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Lori Andrews, George Annas, Jane Cottingham, May Haddad, Betsy Hartmann, Camara Phyllis Jones, Anne Kasper, Wendy Kline, Nancy Krieger, Judith Kurland, Joel Lexchin, Marsha Lillie-Blanton, Sathya Mala, Marian McDonald, Wilhelmine Miller, Stuart Newman, Melissa Ostrow, Robin Roth, Alan Sager, Susan Sered, J. Jina Shah, Deborah Socolar, Joan Stieber, Nancy Stoller, Sally Whelan, and Karen Wolf. Contributors to earlier editions: Norma Meras Swenson, Wendy Sanford, Judy Norsigian, Carol Sakala, Nalini Visvanathan, Vilunya Diskin, Hilary Salk, Judith Dickson Luce, Nancy Krieger, Anne Kasper, Ellen Shaffer, Steffi Woolhandler, Karen Kahn, Jacqueline Lapidus, Arnold Relman, Philip R. Lee, Roz Feldberg, Julie Friesen, Anne-Emmanuelle Birn, Nancy Worcester, Mariamne Whatley, Gabriela Canepa, Marilen Danguilan, Betsy Hartmann, Jennifer Yanco, Anita Anand, Asoka Bandarage, Elizabeth Coit, Jane Cottingham, H. Patrica Hynes, Marilee Karl, Una MacLean, Annie Street, Amy Alpern, David Banta, Gene Bishop, Robin Blatt, Lucy Candib, David Clarke, Mary Fillmore, Mary Howell, Sherry Leibowitz, Barbara Perkins, Joan Rachlin, Sheryl Ruzek, Kathy Simmonds, Mary Stern, Nancy Todd, and Karen Wolf.
32. Organizing for Change
By Susan J. Roll, with Victoria Passarella (young women) and Ellen Miller-Mack (women in prison). Edited by Laurie Rosenblum and the Editorial Team. Thanks for help on this edition to: Hannah Hafter, Amelia Glynn Hornick, Anne Kasper, Karen Kubby, Paula Johnson, and Nancy Stoller. Contributors to earlier editions: Eugenia Acuna, Judy Norsigian, Jane Pincus, Caty Laignel, Meizhu Lui, Suzanne Nam, Norma Meras Swenson, and Rachel Lanzerotti.